What is Dyslexia?
"Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling".
Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed.
Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.
It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points.
Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention.
DOES NDN ONLY HELP PEOPLE WITH DYSLEXIA?
No. People seek help to achieve their goals for many different reasons.
People may be finding reading, spelling and maths difficult for many different reasons too.
Our specialist teachers and assessors use a combination of getting to know new clients, their circumstances and getting to know their strengths and the root causes of their difficulties so that they can design a plan to suit their personal learning needs.
Every deserves to achieve their goals and not everyone finds it ease to do on their own. We can help.
DO YOU THINK YOU OR A FAMILY MEMBER MIGHT BE DYSLEXIC?
We would recommend that you contact one of our learning centres and arrange an advice session.
In the meantime, we recommend that you take a look at our Indicators for Dyslexia listed below.
Signs of Dyslexia - Ages 7 to 11 YEAR OLD
Seems bright in some ways but unexpectedly struggles in others.
- Other members of the family have similar difficulties.
- Has problems carrying out three instructions in sequence.
- Struggles to learn sequences such as days of the week or the alphabet.
- Is a slow reader or makes unexpected errors when reading aloud.
- Often reads a word, then fails to recognise it further down the page.
- Struggles to remember what has been read.
Signs of Dyslexia - Ages 12 to adult
Many older children and adults will remember having similar difficulties to those listed in the earlier paragraph. Some may still apply, whilst additional issues for older children through to adulthood might include:
- Difficulties taking notes, planning and writing essays, letters or reports.
- Struggles with reading and understanding new terminology.
- Quality of work is erratic.
- Difficulties revising for examinations.
- Struggles to communicate knowledge and understanding in exams.
- Feels that the effort put in does not reflect performance or results.
- Forgets names and factual information, even when familiar.
- Struggles to remember things such as a personal PIN or telephone number.
- Struggles to meet deadlines.
- Struggles with personal organisation (finances/household, arrives at lessons with the wrong books, forgets appointments).
- Difficulties filling in forms or writing cheques.
- Only reads when necessary and never for pleasure.
- Develops work avoidance tactics to disguise difficulties and/or worries about being promoted/taking professional qualifications.
- Difficulties become exacerbated when under pressure of time.
- Puts letters and numbers the wrong way: for example, 15 for 51, b for d or “was” for “saw”.
- Has poor handwriting and/or struggles to hold the pen/pencil correctly and/or learn cursive writing.
- Spells a word several different ways.
- Appears to have poor concentration.
- Struggles with mental arithmetic or learning times tables.
- Seems to struggle with maths and/or understanding the terminology in maths: for example, knowing when to add, subtract or multiply.
- Has difficulties understanding time and tense.
- Confuses left and right.
- Can answer questions orally but has difficulties writing the answer down.
- Has trouble learning nursery rhymes or songs.
- Struggles with phonics and learning the letter-to- sound rules.
- Seems to get frustrated or suffers unduly with stress and/or low self-esteem.
- Struggles to copy information down when reading from the board.
- Needs an unexpected amount of support with homework and struggles to get it done on time.
- Is excessively tired after a day at school.